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Mexico city's main physical characteristics

The Mexican Republic is formed by 31 states and Federal District. Among the states of this country there is one called the State of Mexico which is situated in the center of the country surrounding the Federal District.


Mexico City, also called Zona Metropolitana de la Ciudad de México (ZMCM), lies in a high altitude basin almost completely surrounded by hills, mountains (including dormant/active volcanoes) but with an opening to the north. The Mexico City Metropolitan Area (ZMCM) is formed by the Federal District (DF) and some counties of the State of Mexico. The Federal District is divided in 16 counties called Delegaciones (showed in the next figure), all of them included into the ZMCM. The State of Mexico is formed by 121 counties, but only 17 of them are considered part of the ZMCM.


Federal District (Delegaciones)
1) Alvaro Obregón
2) Azcapotzalco
3) Benito Juárez
4) Coyoacán
5) Cuajimalpa
6) Cuauhtémoc
7) Gustavo A. Madero
8) Iztacalco
9) Iztapalapa
10) Magdalena Contreras
11) Miguel Hidalgo
12) Milpa Alta
13) Tláhuac
14) Tlalpan
15) Venustiano Carranza
16) Xochimilco

State of Mexico (Counties)
17) Atizapan de Zaragoza
18) Coacalco
19) Cuautitlán
20) Cuautitlán Izcalli
21) Chalco
22) Chicoloapan
23) Chimalhuacan
24) Ecatepec
25) Huixquilucan
26) Ixtapaluca
27) La Paz
28) Naucalpan de Juárez
29) Netzahualcoyotl
30) Nicolás Bravo
31) Tecamac
32) Tlalnepantla
33) Tultitlán

Physical Characteristics

The maximum, minimum and mean average temperatures are 23.4 oC, 9.5 oC and 15.6 oC, respectively, while the absolute maximum and minimum temperatures are 33 and -9.5oC, respectively. The mean relative humidity is 40%; the mean barometric pressure is 565mmHg. There are an average of 125 days per year with appreciable rain (816mm annual precipitation) and 60 with frost. The prevailing wind direction is N & NE and the mean speed is 0.9 m/s.

The climate is semi-dry. Seismic activity is frequent and the area is well known as an earthquake zone.



Total Enterprises 21,824 (1994). Total Enterprises 21,824 (1994). Main economic characteristics of the ZMCM are GDP (gross domestic product), number of enterprises and ZMCM economic profile. All data provided by the ZMCM authority (http://www.ddf.gob.mx/ag/num/economic.html).

Energy Sector GDP

It is important to compare the national GDP, (in millions of mexican pesos) for 1996, against the energy sector GDP, the oil industry GDP, as well as the contribution of the public sector GDP. The numerical data can be obtained from http://www.energia.gob.mx/sem01.html

Oil Industry GDP

The numerical data can be obtained from http://www.energia.gob.mx/sem04.html

Public Sector GDP

The numerical data can be obtained from http://www.energia.gob.mx/sem02.html

Total Personnel: 484,407. By 1994, 18% of people were employed (in almost equal parts) in industries related to chemical products, automobiles, pharmaceuticals and drugs, and electrical accessories and machinery. However, most people (82%) were employed in other industries.

Total Income: 33,796 billion pesos. In 1994, 26% of total income corresponded to chemical products, automobile industries, pharmaceuticals and drugs, and electrical accesosries and machinery. Thus, 74% of total income corresponded to other industries.

Retail Outlets. Main retail activities within the Metropolitan Area are grocery and automobile parts sales. Street markets are continuously increasing in this area, and are now a major economic activity.



Information about urban services was obtained from the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (ZMCM) authority (http://www.ddf.gob.mx/ag/num/servicios.html) and it is mainly concerned with water supply, drainage, wastewater, solid waste, lighting and the main characteristics and concentration of the solid waste managed.

Recreation Services. Restaurants have been, and remain, the main places for recreation in this urban area, followed by cinemas, the number of which has increased rapidly.



Figures for the percentage of households with services (1990 and 1995) are provided for the Federal District area as well as for the State of Mexico by the Statistics National Authority (INEGI). These services include: water supply, drainage and electricity.

Numerical data can be obtained from http://www.inegi.gob.mx/homepara/conteo/gra10_9.html for the Federal District and from http://www.inegi.gob.mx/homepara/conteo/gra10_15.html for the State of Mexico.



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