OPTIMA: Optimisation   for Sustainable
Water Resources Management

Project Partners: NCRS, Lebanon

NCRS, National Centre for Remote Sensing
Bir Hassan, Fakhry Building, P.O.Box 11-8281, 1107 2260 Mansourieh
Tel: ++961 4 409 845   Fax: ++961 4 409 847
  Contacts: Mohamad Khawlie mkhawlie@cnrs.edu.lb  
    Amin Shaban geoamin@cnrs.edu.lb  
    Chadi Abdallah chadi@cnrs.edu.lb  
    Theodora Haddad tkovas@hotmail.com  

The National Center for Remote Sensing (NCRS), established in the National Council for Scientific Research in 1995, is an implementation of Lebanon's focused efforts to use and apply advanced information technology, especially remote sensing and GIS, towards achieving proper redevelopment of the country. It contributes significantly to Lebanon's upgrading and updating databases and thematic maps for sectoral development and research. It plays a pivotal role in environmental monitoring and the laying down of sustainable policies for decision-making. The Center has grown currently into a sixteen full-time researchers and assistant researchers, several support staff and six to eight graduate part-timers. The staff sectoral specialties span natural resources, i.e. soil, water, forest, as well as geology, agriculture, marine science plus environment. System specialists include image processing, GIS and GPS.

The NCRS is involved in three major activities, all geared to improve Lebanon's development efforts and build up its capacities. The first is applied research or services for specific Ministries (mostly Environment, Agriculture and Water) or in joint venture with Euro-Mediterranean partners; second is implementing development policies related to availing databases and upgrading planning documents; third is building up capacities, training and exchange with scientific institutions both national and foreign. Our projects and research have covered different fields, i.e. water resources and management, land-use planning and urban expansion, surficial instability and soil erosion, desertification and forestry, integrated coastal management and land-marine interaction, watershed assessment, soil-water contamination, etc.

Team members

Mohamad Khawlie holds a PhD in geology, 1975. Hew was a professional geologist with Dames & Moore in England and the Arabian peninsula 1975-1978 on site investigations, construction materials, deep water wells, and soil stability. Professor of Geology at the American University of Beirut 1978-1995 and consultant in engineering geology. Research on geo-environmental aspects, mineral resources, water resources, natural hazards and land use planning. Director of Lebanese National Center for Remote Sensing and Head of research since 1995-present, responsible for quality control, management and administration. Active on geo-environmental aspects, watersheds, rivers, and land use change, natural hazards, desertification, erosion and water resources. He specializes in environmental management, EIA, environmental engineering geology, with training in remote sensing and GIS. He has over a hundred publications in international journals and conference proceedings.
    Khawlie, M.R., 2000. Mechanisms of sustainability for environmental management of shared water resources: A case from Lebanon/Syria. Proc. Expert Group Meeting on Legal Aspects of the Management of Shared Water Resources. Sharm El-Cheikh, Egypt. ESCWA, CEDARE, UNEP, BGR, WWC, LAS. E/ESCWA/ENR/2000/WG.1/ 13.
    Khawlie, M., et al. (staff NCRS), 2000. Integrated environmental management of fragile natural resources on karstic terrain- Coastal Mediterranean, Lebanon. Proc. Symp. Karst 2000. UKAM, UNESCO, IAHS, IAEA. Marmares, Turkey.
    Khawlie, M.; Awad, M.; Shaban, A.; Bou Kheir, R.; Abdallah, C., 2002. Remote sensing for environmental protection of the eastern Mediterranean rugged mountainous area, Lebanon. ISPRS Journal Photog. & Remote Sensing - special issue: Geomatics in Mountainous Areas:57:13-23. 2002.
    Khawlie, M.; Thomas, R.; Kawas, I.; Cadham, J.; Shaban, A.; & Abdallah, C., 2002. Role of remotely-sensed observation of a shared border watershed in environmental management, Lebanon-Syria. Proceed. Intl. Geosc. & Remote Sensing Symp., Toronto, Canada.
    Khawlie, M., 2003. The impacts of climate change on water resources of Lebanon ~V Eastern Mediterranean. in: Climate Change in the Mediterranean - Socio-economic Perspectives of Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation, C. Giupponi & M. Shechter (eds.), Edward Edgar Pub. UK, pp. 94-107.

Theodora Haddad: holds a DEA in Energy and Pollution from the Paris VII University, France, in 1980. From 1980 to 1994, high school Chemistry teacher at the Lebanese Government High Schools. 1997-1998, member of the national inventory team of greenhouse gas emissions (Climate Change Project). Since 1995, assistant researcher, at the Lebanese National Center for Remote Sensing (environmental sector). Research mostly focused on scale issues in environmental socio-economic and urban aspects of NCRS research projects.

    Darwish, T.; Haddad, T.; Faour, G.; Awad, M.; & Abou Daher, M.; 1999. "Environmental impact due to land use changes in Tripoli area, North Lebanon", paper presented at "The Soil with Mediterranean Type of Climate" 6th International Meeting, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain, 4-9 July, 1999.
    Haddad, T.; Faour, G.; & Weber, C., 2000 : "Detection du changement de l'urbanisation de la Region Metropolitaine de Beyrouth durant les dernieres quarante annees", 14th Science Meeting, Lebanese Association for the Advancement of Science (LAAS), November 23-25, 2000, Beirut.
    Haddad, T. & Faour, G., 2001. "Monitoring urban dynamics as contribution to environmental assessment in Metropolitan Beirut~T. GTZ, GIS newsletter No 8 September 2001.
    Darwish, T.; Khawlie, M.; Faour, G.; Masri, T.; Haddad, T.; Awad, M.; Boukheir, R.; Shaaban, A.; Jomaa, I.; & Abdallah, C., 2003. Dynamic factors of land degradation in Lebanon. paper presented at "Ecosystem-based assessment of soil degradation to facilitate land users' prompt action, ECOLAND" Workshop, Adna, Turkey, 2-7 June 2003, European Commision, MEDCOASTLAND and CIHEAM (Bary-Italy).
    Khawlie, M.; Shaban, A.; Haddad, T.; Masri, T.; Darwish, T.; & Bou Kheir, R., 2004. "Remote sensing in studying stress increase of land use change for water resource management" Paper presented at the UN/ESA/Sudan Regional Workshop on the Use of Space Technology for Natural Resource Management, Environmental Monitoring & Disaster Management, Khartoum - Sudan, April.

Amin Shaban is a hydrogeologist with a Ph.D degree (Hydrogeology & Remote Sensing) and a membership in several scientific organizations, mainly, is the International Association of Hydrological Sciences. Since 1983 Mr. Shaban has been involved in a professional experience, with a consultancy bases and application tasks. During this period he taught at the American University and spent a couple of years as a consultant geologist. Since the last eight years Mr. Shaban is a Researcher at the National Center for Remote Sensing, a part of the Lebanese National Council for Scientific Research.

    Shaban, A., Khawlie, M., Bou Kheir, R., Abdallah, C., 2001. Assessment of road instability in a typical mountainous road using GIS and aerial photos, Lebanon-Eastern Mediterranean. Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, International Association of Engineering Geologists, United Kingdom, vol. 60, pp 93-101.
    Shaban, A., Bou Kheir, R; Khawlie, M., Froidefond, J, Girard, M-C.2004. Caracterisation des facteurs morphometriques des reseaux hydrographiques correspondant aux capacites d'Rinfiltrations des roches au Liban occidental. Zeitschrift fur Geomorphologie, vol. 48/1, pp 79-94..
    Shaban, A., Faour, G., Khawlie, M., and Abdallah, C., 2004. Remote sensing application to estimate the volume of water in the form of snow on Mount Lebanon. Hydrological Sciences Journal,49(4):643-653.
    Shaban, A., Khawlie, M., Abdallah, C. 2004. Use of remote sensing and GIS to determine recharge potential zones: the case of occidental Lebanon. Hydrogeology Journal. (Under publishing)
    Shaban, A., Khawlie , M., Abdallah, C., and Faour G. 2004. Geologic controls of submarine groundwater discharge: application of remote sensing to north Lebanon. Environmental Geology. (Under publishing)

Chadi Abdallah 1993-1997: BS in geophysics, 2002-2003: DESS (Master Degree) in Remote Sensing, University of Paris VI, France. PhD. Candidate, University of Paris VI, France. Nov 1998-to date: Research assistant (Geology, GIS and Remote Sensing) at the NCRS, 2003-to date.

    Abdallah, C., 2001. Lebanon country paper on land resources management. Regional workshop on land resources information systems in the Near East, FAO, Cairo, Egypt, 3-6/9/2001. FAO website:http://www.fao.org/landandwater/swlwpnr/swlwpnr.htm
    Abdallah, C., Khawlie, M., Sha~Raban, A., Bou Kheir, R., 2002. A method comparing between drainage network extracted from DEM and the conventional approaches on a pilot area in Lebanon. International Symposium on remote sensing techniques for subsurface resources exploration and management, GORS, Damascus, Syria, 9-12/12/2002
    Abdallah, C., Sha~Raban, A., Khawlie, M., 2002. Utilization of remote sensing and GIS to assign a model for infiltration capacity and water potentiality in Occidental Lebanon. Workshop on mathematical models for sustainable water resources development and their role in decision-making, Rabat, Morocco, 18-20/12/2002.
    Abdallah, C., Bou kheir, R., Chorowicz, J., Khawlie, M. Detecting major terrain parameters relating to mass movements occurrence using GIS and remote sensing techniques, case study Lebanon. Under press
    Abdallah, C., Chorowicz, J., Bou kheir, Khawlie, M. Assessment of mass movement using remote sensing, GIS and statistical correlation, example: North region of Lebanon, 14th international symposium, RS and development, Damas, Syria, 25-28, September 2004

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